"Speech" refers to how we say sounds and words.
When children pronounce sounds incorrectly for example, saying "wabbit" for "rabbit" they are experiencing speech difficulties. This area of speech is often referred to as articulation.
Difficulties in this area can be due to a variety of underlying causes such as, incorrect placement of articulators (i.e., lips, tongue, etc.). Some children may be experiencing difficulty hearing sounds. Others may be experiencing limited oral motor which includes limited strength and coordination of lip, tongue, cheek, and jaw movements.
Some children may have difficulty with fluency otherwise experiencing a stutter or stammer. A child with fluency difficulties may repeat sounds or words in a sentence, for example "I l-l-like p-p-pizza."
At Speech Club we always make careful assessments of present difficulties and underlying causes while creating an effective treatment plan.